How Agriculture Could Be 100% Organic by 2050, While the danger of pesticides is no longer to be proven, organic farming is still the exception rather than the norm. Can not generalize? Only on the contrary, but adaptations of the modes of consumption are necessary.
Indeed, as revealed by a study carried out by European researchers and published in the journal Nature Communications , it would be possible to feed more than 9 billion people with 100% organic farming by 2050, under two conditions . As Christian Schader, researcher at the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture and co-author of the study, explains, ” One of the crucial challenges today is to find solutions to switch to a sustainable, chemical-free food system. dangerous for health and the environment . But this transformation includes a reflection on our eating habits and not only on production methods or yields.
In order to feed the planet through fully organic farming, it would be necessary to reduce food waste and limit the consumption of products of animal origin. To convert all agriculture to organic, it would require the cultivation of 16 to 33% of additional land in the world by 2050 to offset the lower yields of this type of agriculture. A soil conversion that would lead to increased deforestation, certainly, but also a reduction of environmental impacts despite everything. An entirely organic agriculture would lead to less pollution due to pesticides as well as a lower demand for fossil fuels.
In order to counterbalance possible negative effects of all organic, researchers propose as a solution to reduce the consumption of products of animal origin. Currently, one-third of the world’s arable land is used to produce livestock feed even though it could be used to feed humans. “Currently, we consume two-thirds of animal protein for one-third of vegetable protein. We should do the opposite, that is to say, halve our consumption of animal products. A change already committed to organic consumers », stresses Philippe Pointereau, co-author of the study. A change that may take a long time to implement: although it is possible to consider a planet eating entirely organic by 30 years, in 2017, organic farming represents only 1 % of the world agricultural area.